Today at Google commemorates 100th birthday Alan Turing, he is a British mathematician and engineer computer. Alan Turing was very instrumental in the development of computer science, mainly known as the originator of the concept of “algorithm” and “computerized” through the creation Turing machine. For his services in a modern computerized process, Alan Turing was dubbed the father of computer science and artificial intelligence.

During World War II, Turing worked at Bletchley Park for GCCS, a coding center in the UK. For a time he was head of Hut 8, the section responsible for German naval cryptanalysis. He found a number of techniques to solve the German ciphers, including how Bombe, an electromechanical machine that could find settings for the Enigma machine.

After the war he worked at the National Physical Laboratory, where he created one of the first designs for a stored program computer, named ACE. In 1948 Turing joined the Computing Laboratory Max Newman at Manchester University, where he assisted in the development of Manchester and the computer became interested in biological mathematics. He wrote a paper on the chemical basis of morphogenesis, and he predicted oscillating chemical reactions like the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction, which was first observed in 1960.

Alan Turing’s homosexuality made was sentenced in 1952, when homosexual acts are illegal in the UK. He received treatment with female hormones (chemical castration) as an alternative to prison. He died in 1954, just two weeks before the birthday-42, due to cyanide poisoning. Investigation said that Alan committed suicide, his mother and some others believe his death was an accident. On 10 September 2009, following the Internet campaigns, Prime Minister Gordon Brown made an official public apology on behalf of the British government for the way in which Turing was treated after the war. 

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